Mysuru: Lung cancer is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer- related deaths in India. It accounts for 5.9 per cent of all new cancer cases and 8.1 per cent of all cancer-related deaths in both sexes, said Dr KG Srinivas, Senior Medical Oncologist, HCG Bharath Hospital & Institute of Oncology (HCG BHIO), Mysuru.
As part of World Lung Cancer Day, addressing media persons at Press Club here on Tuesday Dr Srinivas said “The estimated incidence of lung cancer in India in 2021 was 109,000 cases in males and 45,000 cases in females. The crude incidence rate of lung cancer in India is 6.9 per 100,000 populations, but this varies significantly by state. The states with the highest lung cancer incidence rates are Mizoram (28.3 per 100,000), Kerala (27.2 per 100,000), and Manipur (26.6 per 100,000). Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in Karnataka, accounting for 12.05 per cent of all cancer deaths in males and 8.9 per cent of all cancer deaths in females.
He also mentioned that the burden of lung cancer in India has been on the rise over the past few decades due to several factors. Chief among them is tobacco consumption, both smoking and smokeless, which remains the leading cause of lung cancer in the country. Besides, indoor air pollution caused by the burning of solid fuels for cooking and heating in poorly ventilated homes has also been identified as a significant risk factor, particularly among women.
One of the challenges in combating lung cancer in India is the lack of early detection and awareness. Many patients are diagnosed at advanced stages, limiting treatment options, and reducing survival rates.
“Treatment modalities for lung cancer advancements have seen significant years. At Bharath Institute of Oncology, we conduct several clinical trials for patients with lung cancer for both early and late-stage lung cancers, which include Targeted therapies and Immunotherapy which are given free of cost,” added Dr Srinivas.
Dr YS Madhavi, Senior Radiation Oncologist and Medical Superintendent, HCG BHIO said “Sterotactic body radiotherapy is one such advanced high dose radiotherapy treatment used in treating early stage lung cancer without surgery, such advanced treatments were once available only at metros but now BHIO is equipped with High end radiation oncology unit and been able to deliver international standards “.