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8 out of 1000 new-born babies are effected by Congenital Heart Disease (CHD), one of the most common type of birth defects

4 min read

Mysuru: Around the world and in India, congenital heart defect (CHD) is a killer condition that claims the lives of thousands of children every year. Baby Manasi, a 10-month old baby, hailing from Nanjangudu was diagnosed with a large hole in the heart (Ventricular septal defect) and only weighed 6 kg, with complaints of repeated chest infections and poor weight gain. For the first time in Mysuru, such a low weight baby was operated successfully at Narayana Multispeciality Hospital by an expert surgical team. Similarly, another case of a newly born baby of an expecting mother, Veena from Mysuru was diagnosed with a severe narrowing of the right side outlet valve of the heart (pulmonary valve). The defect was identified during pregnancy by fetal echocardiogram. Narayana Multispeciality Hospital undertook the delivery of the baby successfully and at 15 days of life successful balloon dilatation of the narrowed valve was done without a need for open surgery by our expert pediatric cardiologist. It is for first time in Mysuru that such a catheter based procedure in a new born baby was performed. Earlier the patient had to travel to Bengaluru for such complex treatment.

The event was organised to commemorate Congenital Heart Defect Awareness Day. Dr. M.N. Ravi, Clinical Director and Sr Consultant Cardiac Surgery (Adult), Dr. Ravi Varma Patil, Senior Consultant- Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Dr. Anand Lingan, Consultant-Pediatric Cardiology at Narayana Multispecialty Hospital, Mysuru, attended the event. The panel of doctors shared some insights about various cardiac conditions, how to identify them and best treatment modality available.

Speaking on the occasion, Dr MN RAVI, Clinical Director of the hospital said “In spite of common prevalence, advanced cardiac care is available to only a minority of children and congenital heart disease accounts for a high proportion of infant mortality worldwide. Challenges to paediatric cardiac care include lack of awareness and timely diagnosis. Realising the need for proactive response, Narayana MSH, Mysore has succeeded in developing a comprehensive pediatric cardiac care program. Specialized clinic, availability of trained pediatric cardiologists, surgeons and anesthetists have helped in managing these kids, including device closures of defects and surgery for complex CHDS. The commitment of the team at NH has helped in the hospital being recognized as the only center in the area offering these services to the families of not only Mysore but also surrounding districts and bordering states.”

Addressing the gathering, Dr Ravi Varma Patil, Pediatric Cardiac Surgeon Narayana Multispecialty Hospital, Mysuru said, “50% of the patients need definite form of treatment in form of catheter interventions or surgery within one year of life. We have successfully completed 50+ pediatric cardiac surgeries at NH, Mysuru and for the first time, comprehensive pediatric cardiac services were offered at Narayana Multispecialty hospital. A team of expert pediatric cardiologist, cardiac surgeon, anaesthetists and Intensivists lead the team. It is largely beneficial and blessing for the affected patients hailing from Mysuru and neighbouring districts, who had to travel to Bengaluru initially for these treatments”.

A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a problem with the structure of the heart present like a hole since the time of birth, occurring in 8 out of 1000 new born babies who are divided as simple or complex and acyanotic or cyanotic (blue babies). Congenital heart defects are one of the most common type of birth defect and involves the walls of the heart, the valves of the heart, arteries and veins near the heart. They can disrupt the normal flow of blood through the heart. The blood flow can slow down, go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place, or be blocked completely. These holes in the heart are like Atrial septal defect (ASD), Ventricular septal defect (VSD), Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and other valve related obstruction or leakages. The common cyanotic CHDs are Tetralogy of Fallot, TAPVC, Transposition of great arteries amongst others.

Adding to the details, Dr Anand Lingan, Narayana Multispecialty Hospital, Mysuru said, “An early accurate diagnosis by performing an echocardiogram, helps in offering appropriate timely treatment to the patient. The cardiac intervention procedures undertaken at our hospital include device closure of ASD, VSD, PDA, Valve and Coarctation of aorta dilatations, stent implantations and pacemaker implantations in children. There is also an exclusive free “Little Heart Clinic” being conducted every Tuesday to benefit the children for early diagnosis of CHDS. We take immense pride in pioneering the efforts and are committed to offer comprehensive cardiac care for the children of all age groups in and around Mysuru.”

The event’s discussion revolved around imparting complete knowledge on CHDS, its incidence, its prevention and importance of timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment. The audience was also welcomed to share their specific queries around various cardiac conditions which was addressed by the expert doctors present at the event.

-Team Mysoorunews

Mysooru News

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